News Highlight

Historical Data on Iranian Presidential Elections

May 14, 2009

In the U.S., individuals can run for president as long as they are over the age of 35 and are natural-born U.S. citizens. In Iran, however, an unelected body known as the Guardian Council [see here for more information on how the Council works] handpicks a small group of candidates out of a large number of applicants. Only those with the Council's imprimatur can then campaign and compete for the presidency. 

Here, we present data compiled by Ali Alfoneh as part of his upcoming AEI Middle East Outlook on the Iranian presidential elections. No other source has pulled together this information for American audiences.


Date


Number of eligible voters


Voter turnout in numbers


Number of  applicants for candidacy


Number and names of candidates approved  by the Guardian Council


President elect and personal votes in numbers


January 25, 1980


20,993,643


14,152,887 (67.42%)


124


8

Abol-Hassan Bani-Sadr, Sadegh Ghotbzadeh, Daryoush Forouhar, Hassan Habibi, Ahmad Madani, Mohammad Mokri, Kazem Samii, and Sadegh Tabatabai,[1]


Abol-Hassan Bani-Sadr:  10,753,752


July 24, 1981


22,687,017


14,573,803 (64.24%)


71


4

Habib-Allah Asgar-Owladi Mosalman, Ali-Asghar Parvaresh, Mohammad-Ali Rajai, and Abbas Sheibani, [2]


Mohammad-Ali Rajai: 12,770,050


October 2, 1981


22,687,017


16,847,717 (74.26%)


46


4

Hassan Ghafouri-Fard, Ali Khamenei, Ali-Asghar Parvaresh and Reza Zavarehi, [3]


Ali Khamenei: 15,905,987


August 16, 1985


25,993,802


14,238,587 (54.78%)


50


3

Habib-Allah Asgar-Owladi Mosalman, Mahmoud Kashani and Ali Khamenei, [4]


Ali Khamenei: 12,205,012


July 28, 1989


30,139,598


16,452,677 (54.59%)


79


2

Ali-Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani and Abbas Sheibani, [5]


Ali-Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani: 15,550,528


June 11, 1993


33,156,055


16,796,787 (50.66%)


128


4

Abdollah Jasbi, Ali-Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Ali Taheri Motlagh and Ahmad Tavakkoli, [6]


Ali-Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani: 10,566,499


May 23, 1997


36,466,487


29,145,754 (79.93%)


238


4

Mohammad Khatami, Ali-Akbar Nategh-Nouri, Mohammad Mohammadi Reyshahri and Reza Zavarehi, [7]


Mohammad Khatami: 20,138,784


June 8, 2001


42,170,230


28,081,930 (66.59%)


814


10

Ali Fallahian, Hassan Ghafouri-Fard, Abdollah Jasbi, Mohammad Khatami, Ali Shamkhani and Ahmad Tavakkoli, [8]


Mohammad Khatami: 21,659,053


June 17, 2005


46,786,418


29,400,857 (62.84%)


1014


7

Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Ali Larijani, Mohsen Mehr-Ali-Zadeh, Mostafa Moin, Mehdi Karrubi, Mohammad-Bagher Qalibaf and Ali-Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, [9]


-


June 24, 2005


46,786,418


27,958,931 (59.76%)


2


2

 Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and Ali-Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, [10]


Mahmoud Ahmadinejad: 17,284,782


June 12, 2009


Disputed


NA


475


NA


NA

Source: Where no other source is referred to the data is extracted from “Jadval-e Amari-ye Entekhabat-e Riasat-e Jomhouri-ye Bargozar-shodeh Pas Az Pirouzi-ye Enghelab-e Eslami,” [Statistical Table On Presidential Elections Held After The Islamic Revolution] Vezarat-e Keshvar-e Jomhouri-ye Eslami-ye Iran [Islamic Republic of Iran Interior Ministry] (Tehran) No date available, Available in Persian at: http://moi,ir/Portal/File/ShowFile,aspx?ID=fbb6e04f-3331-4b86-9347-5c4fd5a7d0c7 (Accessed May 3, 2009),         

 

 

[1] David Menashri: Iran A Decade Of War And Revolution, New York and London: Holmes & Meir, 1990, P, 121,
[2] Ibid, pp, 185-186,
[3] Ibid, p, 191,
[4] Ibid, p, 342,
[5] “Amar-ha-ye Noh Dowreh Entekhabat-e Riyasat-Jomhouri Be Ma Che Migouyad?” [What Do Statistical Data From Nine Rounds Of Presidential Elections Tell Us?] Dowlat-e Dahom Website (Tehran) April 18, 2009, Available in Persian at: http://www,dolate10,com/News,asp?nid=916 (Accessed May 3, 2009), 
[6] Ibid,
[7] Ibid,
[8] Ibid,
[9] Ibid,
[10] Ibid,