Iranian Nuclear Program
The Iranian government’s process for approving the nuclear deal reveals a great deal about its interpretation of the agreement; it also provided insight into the future of Iranian domestic politics. The fight over approving the deal was a pivotal moment in President Hassan Rouhani’s battle to retain and strengthen his position against his political adversaries. It is far from clear whether he has gained or lost from it, and the game is still in play.
Translated by Jordan Olmstead and Paul Bucala and edited with commentary by Frederick W. Kagan
Section A: Synopsis and General Points of the Report
Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei conditionally approved the implementation of the nuclear deal in a letter addressed to President Hassan Rouhani on October 21. Khamenei warned against U.S. deception and called for the complete removal of sanctions as well as the creation of a committee to monitor the deal’s implementation. The full text of the letter states:
In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful
The Honorable Mr. Rouhani
The Iranian parliament approved “The Proportional and Reciprocal Plan of Action for the Implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA)” on October 13. The resolution restates Iranian positions on implementing the JCPOA within the contours of Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei’s stated redlines, warning that “any type of action on the basis of pressure or threat” could result in Iran’s reconsideration of the JCPOA.
The Iran Deal and Iran’s Parliament
Rouhani: Violating UNSC Resolution 2231 does not violate the JCPOA. President Hassan Rouhani discussed future elections, the government’s economic goals, and the legal review process for the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) during a press conference on August 29.
If there is one thing the Iranian leadership wants you to know, it is that the recently signedJoint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) will not in any way compromise Iran’s ability to defend itself from military coercion or attack. The language in the United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 2231 endorses the nuclear deal, but also continues the ballistic missile and conventional arms embargoes for e
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Dismantling the Iran Sanctions Regime