Iranian Nuclear Program

Sanctions on Iran: Reactions and Impact

Bandar-e-Abbas, (Photo by Ivan Milnaric, available at Flickr)

Deterrence Misapplied: Challenges in Containing a Nuclear Iran

In this working paper for the Council on Foreign Relations, Frederick W. Kagan examines the deterrence model from a theoretical and historical perspective and assesses whether a nuclear Islamic Republic of Iran would be deterrable. The full text of the paper can be downloaded below or accessed here.

Hugo Chávez's Criminal Nuclear Network: A Grave and Growing Threat

Hugo Chávez's criminal activities, long the bane of his neighbors in the Americas, have now extended to Iran, where he is aiding that regime's pursuit of nuclear weapons. The U.S. policy of averting our eyes so as not to give him the attention he craves must change. The Obama administration needs to strengthen ties with the friends in the region, bring Chávez's partnerships with Iran to the attention of the United Nations (UN), and engage the Venezuelan people to confront the threat Chávez poses.

Gasoline Sanctions on Iran: How Will Tehran Respond?

A woman stands in the middle of Haft-e Tir Square in Tehran. (Photo by kamshots, available at Flickr)


Uranium Enrichment Facility Near Qom: Brief Background

Hills along the Qom-Kashan Highway (photo by Hamed Saber, available at flickr)

Iran's September

Mazandaran province, Northern Iran (Photo by Hamed Saber, available at flickr) 

Iran Policy: Sanctioned Individuals & Entities

U.S. Department of the Treasury Building (photo by tomasland, available at flickr).

Sources (adapted from):

[1] United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1737, 1747, and 1803 (available at

[2] U.S. Department of Treasury press releases (available at

[3] U.S. Department of State (available at

Changes in IAEA Leadership and Findings from the IAEA’s June Report: Implications for Iran Policy

[Graphic source: International Atomic Energy Agency,]

On July 2, Yukiya Amano secured the votes to become the IAEA’s next director general. IranTracker examines the effect that the IAEA’s leadership transition and June report on Iranian nuclear activities will have on US policy towards Iran.

Technology Sources for Iran's Nuclear Program

Since its inception, the Iranian nuclear and missile programs have received assistance from foreign governments, firms and individuals associated with numerous countries. The assistance—including technological, material and informational—has helped Iran develop indigenous capabilities for its nuclear and missile programs. Iran’s relationships with Pakistan, China, North Korea and Russia warrant particular attention.