Tracker

Iran Policy: Sanctioned Individuals & Entities

July 21, 2009
U.S. Department of the Treasury Building (photo by tomasland, available at flickr).
 

Sources (adapted from):

[1] United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1737, 1747, and 1803 (available at http://www.iaea.org/NewsCenter/Focus/IaeaIran/index.shtml).

[2] U.S. Department of Treasury press releases (available at http://www.treas.gov/press/).

[3] U.S. Department of State (available at http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/index.htm).

[4] Kenneth Katzman.  Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses (Washington DC:  Congressional Research Service, December 2008), 55-58.

 

EO = Executive Order

INPA = Iran Non-Proliferation Act and other U.S. proliferation laws

UNSCR = United Nations Security Council Resolution

 
*Follow the corresponding footnote links below to review background notes on each individual, firm, or organization.  All information is adapted from the sources listed above.
 
 
 

NAME

COUNTRY

UNSCR

U.S. LAW

DATE

TYPE

ACTIVITIES

7th of Tir[1]

Iran

1737

EO 13382

Dec. 2006, Jul. 2008

Entity

Nuclear

Abbas Rashidi [2]

Iran

1803

 

Mar. 2008

Individual

Nuclear

Abbas Rezaee Ashtiani [3]

Iran

1803

 

Mar. 2008

Individual

Nuclear

Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis[4]

Iran

 

EO 13438

Jul. 2009

Individual

Terrorism

Aerospace Industries Organization (AIO)[5]

Iran

1737

EO 13382

Dec. 2006, Jun. 2005

Entity

Ballistic

Ahmad Derakhshandeh[6]

Iran

1747

EO 13382

Mar. 2007, Jan. 2007

Individual

Nuclear or Ballistic

Ahmad Vahid Dastjerdi[7]

Iran

1737

EO 13382

Dec. 2006, Oct. 2007

Individual

Ballistic

Ali Akbar Ahmadian, Vice Adm.[8]

Iran

1737

EO 13382

Dec. 2006, Oct. 2007

Individual

IRGC

Ali Hajinia Leilabadi[9]

Iran

1737

EO 13382

Dec. 2006, Jun. 2007

Individual

Nuclear

Amin Industrial Complex[10]

Iran

 

EO 13382

Apr. 2009

Entity

Nuclear or Ballistic

Amir Moayyed Alai[11]

Iran

1803

 

Mar. 2008

Individual

Nuclear

Amir Rahimi[12]

Iran

1747

 

Mar. 2007

Individual

Nuclear or Ballistic

Ammunition and Metallurgy Industries Group (AMIG)[13]

Iran

1747

EO 13382

Mar. 2007, Jul. 2008

Entity

Nuclear or Ballistic

Armament Industries Group (AIG)[14]

Iran

 

EO 13382

Sep. 2008

Entity

Nuclear, Ballistic

Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI)[15]

Iran

1737

EO 13382

Dec. 2006, Jun. 2005

Entity

Nuclear

Bahmanyar Morteza Bahmanyar[16]

Iran

1737

EO 13382

Dec. 2006, Oct. 2007

Individual

Ballistic

Bank Khargoshaee[17]

Iran

 

EO 13382

Oct. 2007

Entity

Nuclear

Bank Mellat[18]

Iran

 

EO 13382

Oct. 2007

Entity

Nuclear

Bank Melli[19]

Iran

 

EO 13382

Oct. 2007

Entity

Nuclear

Bank Melli Iran Investment Company (BMIIC) [20]

Iran

 

EO 13382

Mar. 2009

Entity

Nuclear

Bank Melli Printing and Publishing Co. [21]

Iran

 

EO 13382

Mar. 2009

Entity

Nuclear

Bank Saderat[22]

Iran

 

EO 13224

Oct. 2007

Entity

Terrorism

Bank Sepah [23]

Iran

1747

EO 13382

Mar. 2007, Jan. 2007

Entity

Nuclear or Ballistic

Behman Asgarpour[24]

Iran

1737

 

Dec. 2006

Individual

Nuclear

Cruise Missile Industry Group[25]

Iran

1747

 

Mar. 2007

Entity

Nuclear or Ballistic

Dawood Agha-Jani[26]

Iran

1737

EO 13382

Dec. 2006, Jul. 2008

Individual

Nuclear

Defense Industries Organization (DIO)[27]

Iran

1737

EO 13382

Dec. 2006, Mar. 2007

Entity

Nuclear

Ehsan Monajemi[28]

Iran

1737

 

Dec. 2006

Individual

Nuclear

Esfahan Nuclear Fuel Research and Production Centre (NFRPC) and Esfahan Nuclear Technology Centre (ENTC)[29]

Iran

1747

EO 13382

Mar. 2007, Aug. 2008

Entity

Nuclear or Ballistic

Export Development Bank of Iran (EDBI)[30]

Iran

 

EO 13382

Oct. 2008

Entity

Nuclear, Ballistic

Fajr Industrial Group[31]

Iran

1737

EO 13382

Dec. 2006, Jun. 2007

Entity

Ballistic

Farayand Technique[32]

Iran

1737

EO 13382

Dec. 2006, Jun. 2007

Entity

Nuclear

Fereidoun Abbasi-Davani[33]

Iran

1747

 

Mar. 2007

Individual

Nuclear or Ballistic

Gharargahe Sazandegi Ghaem[34]

Iran

 

EO 13382

Oct. 2007

Entity

IRGC

Ghasem Soleymani[35]

Iran

1803

EO 13382

Mar. 2008, Oct. 2007

Individual

Nuclear

Ghorb Nooh[36]

Iran

 

EO 13382

Oct. 2007

Entity

IRGC

Ghorb-e Karbala[37]

Iran

 

EO 13382

Oct. 2007

Entity

IRGC

Haleh Bakhtiar [38]

Iran

1803

 

Mar. 2008

Individual

Nuclear

Hamid-Reza Mohajerani[39]

Iran

1803

 

Mar. 2008

Individual

Nuclear

Hara Company[40]

Iran

 

EO 13382

Oct. 2007

Entity

IRGC

Hosein Salimi, Gen.[41]

Iran

1737

EO 13382

Dec. 2006, Oct. 2007

Individual

Ballistic, IRGC

Houshang Nobari[42]

Iran

1803

 

Mar. 2008

Individual

Nuclear

Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company (HESA)[43]

Iran

 

EO 13382

Sep. 2008

Entity

Nuclear, Ballistic

Iran Electronics Industries (IEI)[44]

Iran

 

EO 13382

Sep. 2008

Entity

Nuclear, Ballistic

Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Lines (IRISL)[45]

Iran

 

EO 13382

Sep. 2008

Entity

Nuclear or Ballistic

Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC)[46]

Iran

1747

EO 13382

Mar. 2007, Oct. 2007

Entity

IRGC

Jabber Ibn Hayyan[47]

Iran

 

EO 13382

Aug. 2008

Individual

Nuclear

Jafar Mohammadi[48]

Iran

1737

 

Dec. 2006

Individual

Nuclear

Joza Industrial Company[49]

Iran

 

EO 13382

Aug. 2008

Entity

Ballistic

Kala-Electric[50]

Iran

1737

EO 13382

Dec. 2006, Feb. 2007

Entity

Nuclear

Karaj Nuclear Research Centre [51]

Iran

1747

EO 13382

Mar. 2007, Aug. 2008

Entity

Nuclear or Ballistic

Kaveh Cutting Tools Company[52]

Iran

 

EO 13382

Apr. 2009

Entity

Nuclear

Kavoshyar Company[53]

Iran

1747

EO 13382

Mar. 2007, Feb. 2007

Entity

Nuclear or Ballistic

Khatam ol Anbiya Gharargah Sazendegi Nooh[54]

Iran

 

EO 13382

Oct. 2007

Entity

IRGC

Khorasan Metallurgy Industries[55]

Iran

1803

EO 13382

Mar. 2008, Apr. 2009

Entity

Nuclear or Ballistic

M. Javad Karimi Sabet[56]

Iran

1803

 

Mar. 2008

Individual

Nuclear or Ballistic

Mehrdada Akhlaghi Ketabachi [57]

Iran

1747

EO 13382

Mar. 2007, Jul. 2008

Individual

Nuclear or Ballistic

Mesbah Energy Company[58]

Iran

1737

EO 13382

Dec. 2006, Jan. 2006

Entity

Nuclear

Ministry of Defense and Armed Forces Logistics (MODAFL)[59]

Iran

 

EO 13382

Oct. 2007

Entity

Nuclear, Ballistic

Mizan Machine Manufacturing Group[60]

Iran

 

EO 13382

Jun. 2007

Entity

Ballistic

Mohammad Eslami, Dr.[61]

Iran

1803

 

Mar. 2008

Individual

Nuclear

Mohammad Fedai Ashiani[62]

Iran

1803

 

Mar. 2008

Individual

Nuclear

Mohammad Hejazi, Brig. Gen.[63]

Iran

1747

EO 13382

Mar. 2007, Oct. 2007

Individual

IRGC

Mohammad Mehdi Nejad Nouri, Lt. Gen.[64]

Iran

1737

 

Dec. 2006

Individual

Nuclear

Mohammad Qannadi[65]

Iran

1737

EO 13382

Dec. 2006, Jun. 2007

Individual

Nuclear

Mohammad Reza Naqdi, Brig. Adm.[66]

Iran

1803

 

Mar. 2008

Individual

Nuclear, Ballistic, IRGC

Mohammad Reza Zahedi, Brig. Gen.[67]

Iran

1747

 

Mar. 2007

Individual

IRGC

Mohsen Fakhrizadeh-Mahabadi[68]

Iran

1747

EO 13382

Mar. 2007, Jul. 2008

Individual

Nuclear or Ballistic

Mohsen Hojati[69]

Iran

1747

EO 13382

Mar. 2007, Jul. 2008

Individual

Nuclear or Ballistic

Morteza Behzad[70]

Iran

1803

 

Mar. 2008

Individual

Nuclear

Morteza Rezaie, Brig. Gen.[71]

Iran

1747

EO 13382

Mar. 2007, Oct. 2007

Individual

IRGC

Morteza Safari, Rear Adm.[72]

Iran

1747

 

Mar. 2007

Individual

IRGC

Naser Maleki[73]

Iran

1747

EO 13382

Mar. 2007, Jul. 2008

Individual

Nuclear or Ballistic

Niru Battery Manufacturing Company[74]

Iran

1803

EO 13382

Mar. 2008, Apr. 2009

Entity

Ballistic, IRGC

Novin Energy Company[75]

Iran

1747

EO 13382

Mar. 2007, Jan. 2006

Entity

Nuclear or Ballistic

Omran Sahel[76]

Iran

 

EO 13382

Oct. 2007

Entity

IRGC

Oriental Oil Kish[77]

Iran

 

EO 13382

Oct. 2007

Entity

IRGC

Parchin Chemical Industries[78] 

Iran

1747

EO 13382

Mar. 2007, Jul. 2008

Entity

Nuclear or Ballistic

Pars Aviation Services Company[79]

Iran

1747

 

Mar. 2007

Entity

IRGC

Pars Trash Company[80]

Iran

1737

EO 13382

Dec. 2006, Jun. 2007

Entity

Nuclear

Pioneer Energy Industries Company[81]

Iran

 

EO 13382

Feb. 2007

Entity

Nuclear

Qasem Soleimani, Brig. Gen.[82]

Iran

1747

EO 13382

Mar. 2007, Oct. 2007

Individual

IRGC

Qods Aeronautics Industries[83]

Iran

1747

 

Mar. 2007

Entity

IRGC

Qods Force[84]

Iran

 

EO 13224

Oct. 2007

Entity

IRGC

Reza-Gholi Esmaeli[85]

Iran

1737

EO 13382

Dec. 2006, Oct. 2007

Individual

Ballistic

Safety Equipment Procurement Company (SEP Co.)[86]

Iran

 

EO 13382

Aug. 2008

Entity

Ballistic

Sahel Consultant Engineering[87]

Iran

 

EO 13382

Oct. 2007

Entity

IRGC

Sanam Industrial Group[88]

Iran

1747

EO 13382

Mar. 2007, Jul. 2006

Entity

Nuclear or Ballistic

Sepasad Engineering Company[89]

Iran

 

EO 13382

Oct. 2007

Entity

IRGC

Seyed Jaber Safdari[90] 

Iran

1747

 

Mar. 2007

Individual

Nuclear or Ballistic

Seyyed Hussein Hosseini[91]

Iran

1803

 

Mar. 2008

Individual

Nuclear

Shahid Bagheri Industrial Group  (SBIG)[92]

Iran

1737

EO 13382

Dec. 2006, Jun. 2005

Entity

Ballistic

Shahid Hemmat Industrial Group (SHIG)[93]

Iran

1737

EO 13382

Dec. 2006, Jun. 2005

Entity

Ballistic

Shahid Sattari Industries[94]

Iran

 

EO 13382

Jul. 2008

Entity

Ballistic

Shahid Sayyade Shirazi Industries[95]

Iran

 

EO 13382

Apr. 2009

Entity

Ballistic

Sho’a’ Aviation[96]

Iran

1747

 

Mar. 2007

Entity

IRGC

Tamas Company[97]

Iran

1803

EO 13382

Mar. 2008, Jul. 2008

Entity

Nuclear

Ya Mahdi Industries Group[98]

Iran

1747

EO 13382

Mar. 2007, Jul. 2006

Entity

Nuclear or Ballistic

Yahya Rahim Safavi, Maj. Gen.[99]

Iran

1737

EO 13382

Dec. 2006, Jul. 2008

Individual

Nuclear, Ballistic, IRGC

Yazd Metallurgy Industries[100]

Iran

 

EO 13382

Apr. 2009

Entity

Ballistic

Zolqadr, Gen.[101]

Iran

1747

 

Mar. 2007

Individual

IRGC

DERIVATIVE SANCTIONS

Arian Bank[102]

Iranian venture in Afghanistan

 

EO 13382

Oct. 2007

Entity

Nuclear

Beijing Alite Technologies (ALCO)[103]

China

 

EO 13382

Jun. 2006

Entity

Ballistic

China Great Wall Industry Corp (CGWIC)[104]

China

 

EO 13382

Jun. 2006

Entity

Ballistic

China National Precision Machinery Import/Export Corp (CPMIEC)[105]

China

 

EO 13382

Jun. 2006

Entity

Ballistic

Future Bank[106]

Bahrain-based

 

EO 13382

Mar. 2008

Entity

Nuclear

Hong Kong Electronics[107]

Iran (Kish Island)

 

EO 13382

Jun. 2009

Entity

Nuclear, Ballistic

Kata'ib Hezbollah[108]

Iraq

 

EO 13224

Jul. 2009

Entity

IRGC

Korea Mining Development Trading Corp (KOMID)[109]

North Korea

 

EO 13382

Jun. 2005

Entity

Nuclear

LIMMT Economic and Trading Company[110]

China

 

EO 13382

Jun. 2006

Entity

Ballistic

Li Fangwei[111]

China

 

EO 13382

Apr. 2009

Individual

Ballistic

Mustafa Hamid[112]

Egypt, Pakistan

 

EO 13224

Jan. 2009

Individual

Terrorism

Norinco[113]

China

 

INPA

May. 2003

Entity

Ballistic

Taiwan Foreign Trade General Corporation

Taiwan

 

INPA

Jul. 2003

Entity

 

Tanchon Commercial Bank[114]

North Korea

 

EO 13382

Jun. 2005

Entity

Nuclear or Ballistic

Tula Instrument Design Bureau[115]

Russia

 

INPA

Sep. 2003

Entity

Ballistic

Various entities (13)[116]

Russia, China, Belarus, Macedonia, North Korea, North Korea, UAE, Taiwan

 

INPA

Apr. 2004

Entity

Nuclear or Ballistic

Various entities and individuals (14)[117]

China, North Korea, Belarus, India, Russia, Spain, Ukraine

 

INPA

Sep. 2004

Both

Nuclear or Ballistic

Various entities (14)[118]

China

 

INPA

Dec. 2004, Jan. 2005

Entity

Nuclear or Ballistic

Various entities (9)[119]

China, India, Austria

 

INPA

Dec. 2005

Entity

Nuclear or Ballistic

Various entities (7)[120]

India, Russia, North Korea, Cuba

 

INPA

Aug. 2006

Entity

Nuclear or Ballistic

Various entities (9)[121]

Russia, China, North Korea, Syria

 

INPA

Jan. 2007

Both

Nuclear or Ballistic

Various entities (14)[122]

China, Singapore, Malaysia, Mexico, Pakistan

 

INPA

Apr. 2007

Both

Nuclear or Ballistic

Various entities (13)[123]

China, North Korea, Russia, Syria, UAE

 

INPA

Oct. 2008

Entity

Nuclear or Ballistic

 

 

[1] The 7th of Tir is a subordinate of Defense Industries Organization (DIO), which has been sanctioned for its proliferation activities. The U.S. Treasury alleges that the 7th of Tir is directly involved in Iran’s nuclear program.
 
[2] According to UNSCR 1803, Rashidi is involved in enrichment work at Natanz.
 
[3] Ashtiani is a senior official at the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) Office of Exploration and Mining Affairs. AEOI has been sanctioned for managing Iran’s nuclear program.
 
[4] Al-Muhandis is an advisor to Qasem Soleimani, the commander of the Qods Force, which has been sanctioned for  supporting terrorist groups. Al-Muhandis has threatened the peace and stability of Iraq by providing support to Shia militia groups in Iraq.
 
[5] AIO is responsible for Iran’s ballistic missile research, development and production activities and organizations.
 
[6] Derakhshandeh is the Chairman and Managing Director of Bank Sepah, which has been sanctioned for supporting the AIO.
 
[7] Dastjerdi is the head of the AIO.
 
[8] Vice Adm. Ahmadian is the Chief of the IRGC Joint Staff. The IRGC has been sanctioned for supporting terrorism.
 
[9] Leilabadi is the Director General of Mesbah Energy Company, a subordinate of the AEOI which has also been sanctioned.
 
[10] Amin Industrial Complex is an end-user of maraging steel, which is used to create gas centrifuges for uranium enrichment and which also has ballistic missile applications, provided by Karl Lee and LIMMT-affiliated front companies, which have been sanctioned as well.
[11] Alai manages the assembly and engineering of centrifuges.
 
[12] Rahimi is the head of the Esfahan Nuclear Fuel Research and Production Centre (NFRPC), which is part of the AEOI’s Nuclear Fuel Production and Procurement Company, which is involved in enrichment.
 
[13] AMIG controls the 7th of Tir and is owned by the DIO.
 
[14] The AIG, a subordinate of the DIO manufactures arms.
 
[15] AEOI is the main Iranian institute for research and development activities in the field of nuclear technology, including Iran's centrifuge enrichment program and experimental laser enrichment of uranium program. It manages Iran's overall nuclear program and reports directly to the Iranian president.
 
[16] Bahmanyar is the head of the Finance and Budget Department at the AIO.
 
[17] Bank Khargoshaee is owned or controlled by Bank Melli, which has been sanctioned for engaging in proliferation activities.
 
[18] Bank Mellat provides banking services to Iran's nuclear sector, particularly the AEOI and its subsidiary Novin Energy Company, and which has reported $1.4 billion in assets in UAE. Also sanctioned was the Bank Mellat subsidiary, Mellat Bank SB CJSC, located in Armenia.
 
[19] Bank Melli, Iran's largest bank, provides financial services for Iranian front companies and entities engaged in proliferation activities and is widely used by the IRGC. Two Bank Melli affiliates were also sanctioned: Bank Melli Iran Zao (Moscow) and Melli Bank PC (U.K.).
 
[20] BMIIC, one of the largest publicly listed companies on Tehran's Stock Exchange, is a subsidiary of Bank Melli. Also sanctioned were nine BMIIC affiliates: BMIIC International General Trading Ltd., Melli Investment Holding International (MEHR), Cement Investment and Development Company (CIDCO), Mazandaran Textile Company, Melli Agrochemical Company, MEHR Cayman Ltd. (a MEHR affiliate), First Persian Equity Fund (a MEHR affiliate), Mazandaran Cement Company (a CIDCO affiliate), and Shomal Cement Company (a CIDCO affiliate).
 
[21] Bank Melli Printing and Publishing Co., a subsidiary of Bank Melli, meets the printing needs of Bank Melli's domestic branches and other government institutions in Iran.
 
[22] Bank Sederat has been used by the Iranian government to funnel Iranian money to Hezbollah, Hamas, PIJ, and other Iranian supported terrorist groups.
 
[23] Bank Sepah, and its subsidiary Bank Sepah International, provide support for the AIO and its subordinates, including the Shahid Hemmat Industrial Group (SHIG) and the Shahid Bagheri Industrial Group (SBIG).
 
[24] Asgarpour is the operational manager of the nuclear reactor in Arak.
 
[25] The Cruise Missile Industry Group, which produces and develops cruise missiles, is responsible for all naval missiles.
 
[26] Agha-Jani is the head of the Pilot Fuel Enrichment Plant at Natanz.
 
[27] The DIO is controlled by the Ministry of Defense Armed Forces Logistics (MODAFL), which has been sanctioned for its involvement in missile technology proliferation activities. Subordinates of the DIO have been involved in centrifuge component and missile programs.
 
[28] Monajemi is the Construction Project Manager at Natanz.
 
[29] The NFRPC and ENTC are parts of the AEOI’s Nuclear Fuel Production and Procurement Company, which is involved in enrichment.
 
[30] The EDBI provides financial services to the MODAFL. Three EDBI subsidiaries were also sanctioned: EDBI Stock Brokerage Company, EDBI Exchange Company, and Banco Internacional de Desarollo, C.A.
 
[31] The Fajr Industrial Group, formerly the Instrumentation Factory Plant, is a subsidiary of the AIO.
 
[32] Farayand Technique has been identified in IAEA reports  for its involvement in Iran’s centrifuge program.
 
[33] Abbasi-Davani is a senior MODAFL scientist with links to the Institute of Applied Physics. He works closely with Mohsen Fakhrizadeh-Mahabadi, another senior MODAFL scientist who has also been sanctioned.
 
[34] Gharargahe Sazandegi Ghaem is a company owned or controlled by the IRGC.
 
[35] Soleymani is the Director of Uranium Mining Operations at the Saghand Uranium Mine.
 
[36] Ghorb Nooh is a company owned or controlled by the IRGC.
 
[37] Ghorb-e Karbala is a company owned or controlled by the IRGC.
 
[38] Bakhtiar is involved in the production of highly concentrated magnesium.
 
[39] Mohajerani is involved in production management at the Uranium Conversion Facility (UCF) at Esfahan.
 
[40] The Hara Company is owned or controlled by the IRGC.
 
[41] Gen. Salimi is the Commander of the IRGC Air Force.
 
[42] Nobari is involved in the management of the Natanz enrichment complex.
 
[43] The HESA and its subsidiary, Farasakht Industries, are owned or controlled by MODAFL and provide support to the IRGC.
 
[44] IEI and its subsidiaries, Shiraz Electronics Industries and Iran Communications Industries, manufacture military equipment and are owned or controlled by MODAFL.
 
[45] The IRISL facilitates shipments of military-related cargo destined for MODAFL and its subordinate entities. Also sanctioned were eighteen IRISL affiliates: Valfajr 8th Shipping Line Co SSK, Khazar Sea Shipping Lines, Irinvestship Ltd., Shipping Computer Services Company, Iran o Misr Shipping Company, Iran o Hind Shipping Company, IRISL Marine Services & Engineering Company, Irital Shipping SRL Company, South Shipping Line Iran, IRISL Multimodal Transport Co., Oasis Freight Agencies, IRISL Europe Gmbh, IRISL Benelux NV, IRISL China Shipping Co., Ltd., Asia Marine Network Pte. Ltd., CISCO Shipping Co. Ltd., and IRISL (Malta) Limited.
 
[46] The IRGC is considered the military vanguard of Iran, and elements of the IRGC have been directly involved in the planning and support of terrorist acts.
 
[47] Jabber Ibn Hayya, a part of the AEOI, is involved in the field of research and development in the nuclear cycle and provides laboratory services for the AEOI nuclear production division.
 
[48] Mohammadi is a technical adviser to the AEOI who manages the production of valves for centrifuges.
 
[49] Joza Industrial Company is a front company for SHIG.
 
[50] Kala-Electric is a provider for the Pilot Fuel Enrichment Plant at Natanz.
 
[51] The Karaj Nuclear Research Centre is a part of the AEOI’s research division.
 
[52] Kaveh Cutting Tools is involved in material purchases for Iran's centrifuge program.
 
[53] Kavoshyar, a subsidiary of the AEOI, has sought glass fibres, vacuum chamber furnaces and laboratory equipment for Iran’s nuclear program.
 
[54] Khatam ol Anbiya is an IRGC construction and contracting arm with $7 billion in oil and gas deals.
 
[55] Khorasan Metallurgy, a subsidiary of the AMIG, is involved in the production of centrifuge components. It is also an end-user of maraging steel, which is used to create gas centrifuges for uranium enrichment and which also has ballistic missile applications, provided by Karl Lee and LIMMT-affiliated front companies, which have been sanctioned as well.
 
[56] Sabet is the head of the Novin Energy Company.
 
[57] Ketabachi is the head of the SBIG.
 
[58] Mesbah Energy is a provider for the A40 research reactor at the Arak facility.
 
[59] MODAFL controls the DIO and the AIO and is involved in missile technology proliferation activities.
 
[60] Mizan Machine Manufacturing is a front company utilized by the AIO in commercial transactions, particularly to acquire sensitive material for Iran's ballistic missile program. It has also acted on behalf of the SHIG, particularly to acquire equipment that could be used to calibrate guidance and control instruments for more accurate targeting of Iran's ballistic missiles.
 
[61] Dr. Eslami is the head of the Defence Industries Training and Research Institute.
 
[62] Ashiani is involved in the management of the Natanz enrichment complex.
 
[63] Brig. Gen. Hejazi is the commander of the Basij resistance force, a paramilitary militia subordinate to the IRGC.
 
[64] Lt. Gen. Nouri is the rector of Malek Ashtar University of Defence Technology and is affiliated with the MODALF.
 
[65] Qannadi is Vice President for Research and Development at the AEOI.
 
[66] Brig. Adm. Naqdi, former Deputy Chief of Armed Forces General Staff for Logistics and Industrial Research and former Head of State Anti-Smuggling Headquarters, has been engaged in efforts to evade sanctions.
 
[67] Brig. Gen. Zahedi is the commander of the IRGC Ground Forces.
 
[68] Fakhrizadeh-Mahabadi is a senior MODAFL scientist and former head of the Physics Research Centre (PHRC). He refused IAEA requests to be interviewed regarding PHRC activities.
 
[69] Hojati is the head of the Fajr Industrial Group.
 
[70] Behzad is involved in centrifuge component production.
 
[71] Brig. Gen. Rezaie is the Deputy Commander of the IRGC.
 
[72] Rear Adm. Safari is the Commander of the IRGC Navy.
 
[73] Maleki is the head of the SHIG as well as the MODAFL official overseeing the Shahab-3 long-range ballistic missile system.
 
[74] Niru Battery Manufacturing manufactures power units for the Iranian military and has greatly enhanced Iranian armed forces' military capability according to a former MODAFL director.
 
[75] Novin Energy operates within AEOI and has transferred funds on behalf of AEOI to entities associated with nuclear program.
 
[76] Omran Sahel is a construction affiliate of IRGC.
 
[77] Oriental Oil Kish is an oil exploration firm owned or controlled by the IRGC.
 
[78] Parchin Chemical is a branch of the DIO producing ammunition, explosives, and solid propellants for rockets and missiles.
 
[79] Pars Aviation Services maintains various aircraft, including the MI-171, which are used by the IRGC Air Force.
 
[80] Pars Trash has been identified in IAEA reports for its involvement in Iran’s centrifuge program.
 
[81] Pioneer Energy Industries provides services to the AEOI.
 
[82] Brig. Gen. Soleimani is the commander of the Qods Force.
 
[83] Qods Aeronautics produces unmanned aerial vehicles, parachutes, para-gliders, and para-motors, which the IRGC have used as par of its asymmetric warfare doctrine.
 
[84] The Qods Force, a special unit of the IRGC, has provided material support to the Taliban and other terrorist groups, including Lebanese Hizballah, Palestinian terrorists, certain Iraqi Shi'a militant groups, and Islamic militants in Afghanistan.
 
[85] Esmaeli the head of the AIO’s Trade and International Affairs Department.
 
[86] SEP Co. is an AIO front-company involved in the ballistic missile program.
 
[87] Sahel Consultant Engineering is an IRGC construction affiliate.
 
[88] The Sanam Industrial Group, a subsidiary of the AIO, has purchased equipment on the AIO’s behalf for the missile program.
 
[89] The Sepasad Engineering Company is an IRGC construction affiliate.
 
[90] Safdari is the manager of the Natanz Enrichment Facilities.
 
[91] Hosseini is an AEOI official involved in the heavy water research reactor at Arak.
 
[92] SBIG is a subordinate entity of the AIO.
 
[93] SHIG is a subordinate entity of the AIO.
 
[94] Shahid Sattari manufactures equipment for SBIG.
 
[95] Shahid Sayyade Shirazi is an end-user of maraging steel, which is used to create gas centrifuges for uranium enrichment and which also has ballistic missile applications, provided by Karl Lee and LIMMT-affiliated front companies, which have been sanctioned as well.
 
[96] Sho’a’ Aviation produces micro-lights which the IRGC has claimed it is using as part of its asymmetric warfare doctrine.
 
[97] Tamas is involved in uranium enrichment.
 
[98] Ya Mahdi Industries, a subsidiary of the AIO, is involved in international purchases of missile equipment.
 
[99] Maj. Gen. Safavi is the commander of the IRGC.
 
[100] Yazd Metallurgy is an end-user of items provided by Karl Lee and LIMMT-affiliated front companies.
 
[101] Gen. Zolqadr is an IRGC officer and the Deputy Interior Minister for Security Affairs.
 
[102] Arian Bank is owned or controlled by Bank Melli.
 
[103] ALCO has supplied Iran's military and Iranian proliferators with missile-related and dual-use components.
 
[104] The sanction on the CGWIC, which had provided goods to Iran's missile program, was lifted in Jun 2008.
 
[105] CPMIEC has sold the SBIG goods which are controlled under the Missile Technology Control Regime.
 
[106] Future Bank is controlled by Bank Melli.
 
[107] Hong Kong Electronics has facilitated the movement of money from Iran to North Korea on behalf of the Korea Mining Development Trading Corp (KOMID), which has been sanctioned for its proliferation activities, and has provided support to Tanchon Commercial Bank, which has been sanctioned for its proliferation-related transactions.
 
[108] Kata’ib Hezbollah, an Iraqi Shia militia group supported by the Qods Force, targets and kills Coalition and Iraqi Security Forces.
 
[109] KOMID has been identified as a proliferator.
 
[110] LIMMT has provided material support to Iran's missile program.
 
[111] Fangwei, the Commercial Manager of LIMMT, has sold goods such as graphite to entities involved with Iran's missile program.
 
[112] Hamid is a senior al-Qaida associate and the primary interlocuter between al-Qaida and the Government of Iran.
 
[113] Norinco has allegedly sold missile technology to Iran.
 
[114] Tanchon Commercial Bank finances sales of ballistic missiles from KOMID to SHIG and has maintained a relationship with Bank Sepah which is believed to have been used for North Korea-Iran proliferation-related transactions.
 
[115] Tula Instrument Design sells laser-guided artillery shells to Iran.
 
[116] These include Zibo Chemical Equipment Plant, China North Industries Corp, China Precision Machinery Import/Export Corp, Oriental Scientific Instruments Corporation, Beijing Institute of Opto-Electronic Technology, Baranov Engine Building Association Overhaul Facility, Vadim V. Vorobey, Belarus Belvneshpromservice, Mikrosam, Blagoja Smakoski, Goodly Industrial Company Ltd., Changgwang Sinyong Corporation, and Elmstone Services and Trading FZE.
 
[117] The individuals include Indian scientists Dr. Surender and Dr. Y.S.R Prasad.
 
[118] The entities, including North Korea's Paeksan Associated Corporation and Taiwan's Ecoma Enterprise Co., allegedly supplied Iran's missile program.
 
[119] These include Norinco and two Indian chemical companies. In addition, sanctions against Indian scientist Dr. Surender were ended.
 
[120] These include Indian chemical companies Balali Amines and Prachi Poly Products, Russian firms Rosobornexport and Sukhoi, North Korean firms Korean Mining and Industrial Development and Korea Pugang Trading, and Cuban firm Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology.
 
[121] These entities were sanctioned for WMD or advanced weapons sales to Iran (and Syria: Rosobornesksport, Tula Design, Komna Design Office of Machine Building, and Alexei Safonov (Russia); Zibo Chemical, China National Aerotechnology, and China National Electrical (China); Korean Mining and Industrial Development (North Korea).
 
[122] These include Shanghai Non-Ferrous Metals Pudong Development Trade Company (China); Iran’s Defense Industries Organization; Sokkia Company (Singapore); Challenger Corporation (Malaysia); Target Airfreight (Malaysia); Aerospace Logistics Services (Mexico); and Arif Durrani (Pakistani national).
 
[123] These include China Xinshidai Co.; China Shipbuilding and Offshore International Corp.; Huazhong CNC (China); IRGC; Korea Mining Development Corp. (North Korea); Korea Taesong Trading Co. (NK); Yolin/Yullin Tech, Inc. (South Korea); Rosoboronexport (Russia sate arms export agency); Sudan Master Technology; Sudan Technical Center Co; Army Supply Bureau (Syria); Rand M International FZCO (UAE); and Venezuelan Military Industries Co. (CAVIM).